Deviations testosterone in men
For the normal functioning of the male body, testosterone is necessary. Under its action, sexual characteristics arise, the formation of spermatozoa occurs. Its sufficient level in the blood supports the optimal state of metabolism, affects behavior and thinking processes.
However, there are many factors affecting the level of the male hormone in men, which can decrease or increase its level, cause hormonal disorders and even serious diseases.
In this article, we are going to tell you about the reasons and signs of testosterone deviations from the norm. If you have noticed any of these signs we strongly recommend you to visit your physician or endocrinologist. Also, we advise you to take care of your health and eliminate all the factors causing deviations stated below.
Reasons of decreased testosterone levels in men
A decrease in the concentration of testosterone in a man can occur for various reasons.
- testicular atrophy (testicular atrophy);
- hypothalamic and pituitary pathologies;
- renal failure;
- diabetes mellitus;
- chronic prostatitis;
- insufficiency of the gonads (hypogonadism);
- testicular feminization syndrome (morris syndrome).
The factors that lower testosterone levels in men can be bad habits, improper lifestyle, stress and psycho-emotional overload.
Signs of low testosterone in men
- development of the figure and physique according to the female type (increased deposition of adipose tissue on the thighs and buttocks);
- lack of muscle mass, loss of muscle tone;
- slow growth of vegetation on the face and body;
- reduced penis size; reduced or no sexual desire;
- reproductive disorders;
- bone fragility;
- dry and flabby skin;
- mood problems, depression, fatigue;
- sleep disorders; memory impairment, decreased mental abilities;
- vegetative-vascular disorders.
Increased testosterone in men may indicate: the development of genital tumors, pituitary neoplasms, dysfunction and hyperplasia of the adrenal cortex, excessive hormonal activity of the gonads (hypergonadism), prostate adenoma, and cardiovascular diseases. Increased testosterone in men above the norm can be incorrect sleep and rest, physical overload, unbalanced diet, irregular diet, lack of regular sexual activity. Once in the target cells, testosterone is converted into a more active metabolite-dihydrotestosterone, a small part of the hormone forms the female hormone estradiol with the help of aromatase. Excess testosterone can also be caused by taking steroids to increase muscle mass or medications containing androgens.
Symptoms of increased testosterone in men
- baldness, especially in combination with increased growth of body hair;
- oily skin, acne;
- aggressive behavior, short temper, irritability;
- increased sexual excitability, alternating periods of increased sexual activity with apathy;
- depression and atrophy of the testicles;